What Are The Energy Efficient Eco Home Design Tips And Tricks?

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    The process of constructing a house does not have to be an intimidating one! In order to better prepare you for the thrilling experience of creating your own house, the construction process can be broken down into a series of basic steps. You are not on this journey alone yourself; rather, you have a builder who will walk you through each and every stage, assisting you in achieving a gratifying and satisfying experience along the way.

    Pre-Construction Planning

    You are required to organise all of the necessary documentation and legal documents before beginning any work on your property. Next, you will need to schedule a few meetings with your builder to iron out the details of your final home design (including your selections of inclusions, colours, and styles of materials), land that is suitable for construction, and floor plan possibilities. Alterations to your structures will extend your deadlines and will most likely be evaluated on an individual basis. Nevertheless, your builder will be able to offer you with time frames on this process; thus, contact your respective Salesperson or the designated Customer Service Administrator for further information.

    Your builder will start working on getting the necessary approvals for the building to begin once all the legal matters have been resolved and the final contract has been signed by both parties. In the event that your application is accepted, the only thing left for you to do is pay the first scheduled Housing Industry Associated (HIA)-prescribed deposit of 5 percent from your banking institution, and construction on your brand-new home will shortly get under way. This article will help you make a decision about home building constructionHere at MJS Construction Group, we’re committed.

    Prepare Construction Site And Pour Foundation

    Builder Applies For And Acquires Permits

    Before a builder can even put a shovel in the ground, the local government needs to give their stamp of approval on the design and issue permits for everything from the zoning and grading (changing the contour of the land to accommodate your home and driveway) to the septic systems, home construction, electrical work, and plumbing. The actual building can start once the necessary permits have been obtained.

    Construction Crew Levels Site

    The work on the foundation and the preparation of the site are typically done by the same crew. However, if the lot is wooded, this might not be the case. Instead, the crew uses a backhoe and a bulldozer to remove the home site of rocks, rubble, and trees, and then digs for the septic system if necessary.

    The temporary foundation consists of wooden forms that are erected by the builder.

    The workforce prepares the ground by levelling it, erecting wooden forms to act as a guide for constructing the foundation, and excavating pits and trenches.

    Footings Are Installed

    To prevent the house from collapsing into the ground, footings are used as a ground support system. Footings are typically made using poured concrete and rebar. This is the point at which the well, if your home has one, will be dug. The hole is dug, then the footings are built and poured, and finally the foundation walls are formed and poured if the house is going to have a full basement. The footings are dug, shaped, and poured if the foundation is a slab-on-grade design. The space in between the footings is levelled and outfitted with utility runs (such as plumbing drains and electrical chases), and then the slab is poured.

    It will take some time for the concrete to harden and cure after it has been poured into the holes and trenches. On the building site, there will be no work done during this time period.

    Waterproofing And Plumbing Are Installed

    After the concrete has had sufficient time to harden, the crew will apply a membrane to the foundation walls that will act as a waterproofing barrier. Drains, the sewage system, water taps, and any plumbing that goes into the first-floor slab or basement floor are all installed by these workers. After that, they place the earth that was excavated into the pit that surrounds the foundation wall.

    Cost Breakdown

    This first step accounts for the majority of the overall cost of the construction. The cost of your foundation can be affected by close to a dozen different aspects, ranging from the local temperature and the composition of the soil to the total square footage of your home and the labour costs. The national average for the price of a foundation is approximately $8,385.


    The most significant stage is to clear the land and lay the foundation for the house, which may be a time-consuming process in and of itself. It is reasonable to anticipate that this portion will take more than a month to complete.

    Inspection #1

    When the curing process is finished, a city inspector will go to the site to make sure that the foundation components are installed correctly and that they comply with any applicable regulations. Depending on the kind of foundation, you might need to perform this inspection more than once (slab, crawl space, or basement). The forms will then be removed, and your builder will go to work coordinating process No. 2, which is the framing phase.

    Complete Rough Framing

    The Floor System, Walls And Roof System Are Completed.

    The framework of the building, also known as the house's shell or skeleton, is now finished. This includes the floor system, wall system, and roof system.

    The Sheathing Is Applied To Exterior Walls And Covered With Protective Wrap

    Sheathing made of plywood or oriented strand board is applied to the outside walls and roof before the windows and exterior doors are put in place. The sheathing is then covered with a protective barrier that is known as a house wrap; this barrier stops water from penetrating the building while enabling water vapour to escape. Mold and wood rot are less likely to occur as a result of this.

    Cost Breakdown

    At the moment, the typical cost to frame a house is from $7 to $$16 per square foot when labour is included. However, pricing might differ depending on the intricacy of the home's design, its size, and the availability of materials; therefore, it is imperative that you consult with your contractor in order to obtain an accurate estimate.


    Depending on the size and intricacy of the house, as well as the season, the framing process might take anywhere from one to two months to complete.

    Complete Rough Plumbing, Electrical And HVAC

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    After the framework of the structure is built, the next step is to instal the siding and the roof. At the same time, the contractors working on the electrical system and the plumbing system begin threading pipes and wires through the interior walls, ceilings, and floors. The next step was to build sewer lines, vents, and water supply lines for each fixture individually. Because there is now more space, bathtubs and one-piece shower/tub systems can be installed because they require less manoeuvring space than their predecessors.

    The heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) system, in addition to the furnace, may require the installation of ductwork. Insulation is put in the floors, walls, and ceilings of the building, and ventilation pipes for the HVAC system are installed through the roof.

    The process of "drying in" a house begins with the installation of the roofing. After that, an electrician will instal receptacles for lights, outlets, and switches, as well as run wires from the breaker panel to each individual receptacle. This work includes the installation of wiring for music systems, cable television, and telephones.

    Because it is simpler to route wires around pipes and ducts than the other way around, wiring is often installed before plumbing and HVAC ductwork in most situations.


    The installation of the HVAC system might only take three to seven days, but the rest of the mechanicals, including the plumbing and the electrical work, might take two to four weeks. You shouldn't try to rush through this process because getting held up in inspections can make construction take longer and hinder the project from moving forwards.

    Inspections #2, #3, And #4

    In order to ensure that the building complies with the codes, the rough framing, plumbing, electrical, and mechanical systems are all inspected. There will most likely be three separate examinations conducted here. At the very least, you will perform the examination of the framing independently from the inspections of the electrical and mechanical systems.

    At this point in the construction process, the drywall (sometimes referred to as plasterboard, wallboard, or gypsum board) is brought to the construction site. Considering a new project? Then MJS Construction Group builders Melbourne is the answer.

    Install Insulation

    Insulation is one of the most important factors in producing a more pleasant and stable climate inside of a home, all while considerably boosting the property's ability to conserve energy. Thermal performance, often known as R-value, is an indicator of how well a material resists the transmission of heat and is considered to be one of the most essential properties of insulation. Insulation can be found in the majority of homes' external walls, as well as their attics, and any floors that are located above unfinished basements or crawl spaces.

    Fiberglass, cellulose, and foam are the three kinds of insulation that are utilised in brand-new homes the most frequently. In addition, your builder might use mineral wool (also known as rock wool or slag wool), concrete blocks, foam board or rigid foam, insulating concrete forms, spray foam, or structural insulated panels. This all depends on the region and the climate.

    Insulation in the form of blankets, which can be purchased as either batts or rolls, is typically used in the construction of new homes. Insulation that is loose-fill or blown-in and comprised of particles of mineral wool, cellulose, or fibreglass is also an option. Liquid foam, which is another type of insulation, can be poured, injected, sprayed, or foamed in place to add insulation.

    Liquid foam insulation is more expensive than standard batt insulation; nevertheless, it has twice the R-value per inch, can fill even the smallest spaces, and produces an efficient air barrier.

    Walls, attics, floors, cathedral ceilings, and crawl spaces are typical locations for the installation of batts and rolls made of mineral wool and fibreglass. Basements are another common location. In order to create a barrier against moisture vapour and air draughts, manufacturers frequently affix a facing made of kraft paper or foil kraft paper. In addition, the batts may have a specific facing that is resistant to flames in regions such as basement walls where the insulation is going to be left exposed.

    Cost Breakdown

    The cost of insulation can vary greatly due to the broad variety of insulation options, the different sizes of homes, and the different climates in different locations. The cost of installing new home insulation can range anywhere from $3,000 to $10,000, with some homeowners reporting spending as much as $24,000. This estimate is based on a house that is 2,000 square feet in size. In addition, the cost of insulating new homes is lower than the cost of insulating older homes since it is simpler to add insulation to unfinished walls and ceilings.


    The process of insulating the whole house can take anywhere from one to two weeks on average. When looking at your timeframe, it is crucial to consider both the type of insulation and the size of the home.

    Complete Drywall And Interior Fixtures; Start Exterior Finishes

    Drywall Is Hung And Taped

    After the drywall has been hung on the inside walls and taped to conceal any seams that may exist between the boards, the texturing of the drywall (if it is to be done) can be finished.

    It is now time to apply the primer coat of paint.

    The finishing touches are put on the outside.

    The first steps in the installation of exterior finishes including brick, stucco, stone, and siding are taken by contractors.

    Cost Breakdown

    Drywall installation can cost anywhere from $1.50 to $3.00 per square foot, with individual panels costing anywhere from $60 to $90, when labour and materials are taken into account. After the drywall has been installed, the walls and ceiling can be textured for an additional cost of between $1.15 and $1.35 per square foot on average. New homeowners are in fortunate because it is more cost effective to start from scratch when adding texture to walls rather than removing the existing texture and replacing it.

    The application of the primer coat of paint, the specifics of which change depending on the finish, is the final stage in bringing everything together. The labour involved in painting a room contributes significantly to the overall cost, which ranges from $350 to $850 on average. This is an excellent activity to take on in order to save money if you feel like you are up to the challenge. By painting their own homes, homeowners can save up to $500 on the project.


    When the house's framework is put up and the walls begin to take shape, the structure of the home comes together relatively rapidly. Depending on the size and intricacy of the house, this process may take anything from a few days to many weeks to complete.

    Finish Interior Trim; Install Exterior Walkways And Driveway

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    Doors, windowsills and decorative trim are installed.

    Interior doors, baseboards, door casings, windowsills, mouldings, stair balusters, and other decorative trim are installed. 

    • Cabinets, vanities and fireplace mantels are installed.
    • The final coat of paint is applied.

    The walls get a final coat of paint or are wallpapered where applicable.

    In addition, the formation of the patios, pathways, and driveway on the exterior of the house occurs during this stage. Because concrete can be easily damaged by heavy equipment (like a truck delivering drywall, for example), the majority of constructors prefer to wait until the project is finished before pouring the driveway. However, some builders choose to pour the road as soon as the foundation is finished. This ensures that homeowners who come to check on the progress of the project won't have to worry about getting their shoes dirty.

    Cost Breakdown

    The installation and supplies for interior doors cost an average of $738, including labour costs. A windowsill installation can cost anywhere from $221 to $341 on average, while the cost of installing full decorative trim often falls at around $1,000. Each of these components can either be purchased prefabricated or produced to order, which will have an effect on the total price.

    The price of cabinets can range widely based on the size of the kitchen, whether or not they are manufactured to order, and the materials that are utilised. The price can start as low as $1,850 and go as high as $30,000 for more complex endeavours, but it typically falls around in the neighbourhood of $5,500.

    The sink, faucet, cupboard, and sometimes the mirror and cabinets add an additional expense to each vanity, bringing the total average cost to $1,500.

    A fireplace mantel is an excellent method to give your home a more individualised feel. If you choose an electric fireplace, the whole cost, including installation and finishing, can range anywhere from $100 to $2,200; however, the cost of a gas, stone, or wood-burning fireplace can range anywhere from $1,900 to $5,600.


    At this stage, numerous separate actions may start to converge into a single action simultaneously. It could take anywhere from one to two months to instal the flooring, moulding, roads, and pathways.

    Install Hard Surface Flooring And Countertops; Complete Exterior Grading

    Cost Breakdown

    The expense of installing flooring will vary greatly depending on the kind of flooring that is purchased. Although the cost of hardwood and tile often exceeds that of vinyl, linoleum, or carpet, the average price for flooring in an area of 500 square feet is approximately $3,000.

    Just as with flooring, the type of countertops you go with will have a significant impact on the overall price. Including labour, the cost of putting countertops in a brand-new home is typically somewhere about $3,000.

    The cost of grading the exterior finishes can range anywhere from $970 to $3,000 depending on the amount of labour involved, the availability of materials, and the amount of yard grading and filling that is required. See our list of available builder services melbourne to help you make an informed decision for your treatment.

    In terms of the timeline, the flooring and countertops can be installed once the cabinetry and trim have been assembled. Depending on the number of people on the workforce and the temperature outside, the grading of the outside may take several days.

    Finish Mechanical Trims; Install Bathroom Fixtures

    The installation of light fixtures, outlets, and switches, as well as the completion of the electrical panel, are all done. The equipment for the HVAC system has been installed, and the registers have been finished. The installation of sinks, toilets, and faucets takes place.

    Cost Breakdown

    The prices of installing lights vary depending on the type of fixture being used; for example, the labour required to instal ceiling lights, recessed lights, pendant lights, and so on will vary. The installation of a light fixture costs an average of $526 across the country, although the price can range anywhere from $150 to $2,500.

    It will cost roughly $1,400 on average to instal an electrical panel and wiring, and it is strongly advised that a certified electrician be contracted to carry out the installation.

    The typical cost to instal a faucet is approximately $250, while the cost to build a sink is $400 and the cost to instal a toilet is approximately $370. Therefore, it is essential to take into consideration how many bathrooms you want in your new home while making plans for it.


    When everything has achieved the appearance of a home, the installation of the finishing touches should take no more than a few weeks.

    Install Mirrors And Shower Doors; Finish Flooring And Exterior Landscaping

    Following this step, the final cleansing is performed, and then the mirrors, shower doors, and carpeting are put in place. The external landscaping is finished, including the planting of trees, bushes, and grass, as well as other tasks.

    Cost Breakdown

    The installation of a mirror can cost anywhere from $150 to $460 on average, but the price will vary depending on the size of your bathroom and the space available for the mirror. Depending on their size, material, and how they are installed, shower doors cost an average of $942.

    The typical cost of landscaping is approximately $700, however this number can range anywhere from $50 to $7,000 depending on the size of your lawn, the cost of labour, and the level of complexity of the design. The addition of costs caused by the employment of landscape designers and crew personnel


    After the work on the inside of the house is over, it takes about a week to complete the final cleanup, and during this time, you may put together the exterior landscape to make the house look just as great on the outside as it does on the inside.

    Inspection #5

    A final inspection is carried out by a building code official, who then gives a certificate of occupancy upon successful completion. In the event that any flaws are discovered during this inspection, you have the option of scheduling a further inspection to check and see if the issues have been resolved. It can take as long as a week in rare cases.

    Conduct Final Walk-Through

    Your builder will take you on a tour of your new house, introducing you to its many features as well as describing how its various systems and components work. Additionally, he or she will go over your obligations regarding care and upkeep, as well as warranty coverage and procedures.

    A pre-settlement walk-through is another name for this type of inspection. It is also an opportunity to spot things that need to be repaired or altered, therefore it is important to pay attention and observe everything that is going on around you. Conduct a thorough inspection of the surfaces of the walls, floors, countertops, and fixtures to identify any potential damage.

    There are situations when disagreements develop because the homeowner finds a gouge in a countertop after moving in, but there is no way to show whether the gouge was inflicted by the builder's team or the homeowner's movers.


    The final walk-through can take upward of a week to complete.


    In conclusion, when selecting whether to buy or build your ideal home, there are a few aspects you should take into consideration. Consider first how much of your time and money you are willing to put into this endeavour. If you have the means to do so, purchasing rather than constructing what you need allows you to have what you want immediately rather than having to wait for it to be constructed.

    On the other hand, if you don't have all of the cash up front or if you don't want to deal with repairs and maintenance in the future, the building can be a better option for you. Just make sure that you do your study so that you are aware of what to anticipate from either choice!

    Frequently Asked Questions About Building House

    1. Select a good block of land to build on. ...
    2. Build in less populated areas. ...
    3. Build only what you need and keep the layout simple. ...
    4. Consider going for prefabricated options. ...
    5. Opt for basic finishes and fittings.

    Usually, 20% of the full value of the house is a good amount to aim for as a deposit. You can still get a loan if you have a smaller deposit, but you may need to take out Lenders Mortgage Insurance (LMI) which adds an additional cost to your loan. It'll also take longer to pay off.

    The average cost to build a 4 bedroom house is $1,900 m2 to $3,900+ m2, depending on the level of finish, materials and labour. Builders and architects often use a per square metre (m2) figure to cost a project, including a 4 bedroom house like yours.

    All costs include stamp duty. The cost of building includes land purchase, and assumes a first home owner concession on stamp duty where applicable. According to our figures, Perth is the only major Australian city where buying could be cheaper than building.

    Yes, you can build your own home in Australia if you want to cut cost and save money. You'll have to do an owner builder course if you're working on a project which costs over $12,000. Owner builder duties include: Supervise other contractors working under you.

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