As I've been walking around the neighborhood where I live, I've seen garden after garden full of drought-resistant plants, some of which look hideous while others look absolutely stunning. The distinctive feature is found in the construction. Not only is it necessary to make use of the natural features of the surrounding area in order to reduce the amount of additional maintenance that will be required, but you will also need to arrange the plants and hardscaping features in your yard in such a way that they draw the eye and keep it there.
Features of the local wild landscape include the general shape of the land (flat, hilly, or mountainous), the weather, the availability of water, and the local native plants; in other words, anything that you find naturally existing in your region. A landscape that is not only visually appealing but also appears natural and is straightforward in terms of its upkeep is ideal.
Design elements include colour, texture, scale, line and more. The use of design elements in the planning process is what creates the allure of a natural garden.
The phrase "landscape design" has an air of authority to it. One could, without a doubt, devote a significant amount of time and effort to the pursuit of knowledge in this area. But what about the do-it-yourselfer who wants to redesign their front yard or who wants to experiment with the layout of their garden? Do you need to give the yard of the house you're selling a little bit of a makeover? Do you want to be able to admire more of nature's splendor while you relax in the seclusion of your backyard?
Then you might benefit from a straightforward examination of the concepts that go into designing a garden, in conjunction with step-by-step instructions for completing various projects. Let's start with the first possibility:
Landscape Design Explained Through Pictures
Have you ever pondered the mysteries that lie beneath the seemingly magical work of a landscape designer? This "magic" is translated in the resource that was just linked to above, making it clear enough for the person who wants to do it themselves. Learn about the techniques used by the experts in landscape design by looking at these pictures that illustrate different ideas.
Or maybe you'd rather skip the concepts and jump right into some projects that will make your yard look nicer. You will be able to do exactly that with the help of the following resources, which provide detailed instructions and a large number of pictures:
- How to Construct Garden Water Features
- How to Construct Gardens Comprised of Rocks
- How to Prepare a Bed for Planting Flowers
- How to Get Started Planting Hedges
Frequently Asked Questions
The principles of landscape design include the elements of unity, scale, balance, simplicity, variety, emphasis, and sequence as they apply to line, form, texture, and color. These elements are interconnected.
Three principles of garden design apply to the overall "feel" of the landscape: namely, proportion, transition and unity. Landscape plants should be arranged so as to conform to these principles.
The landscape design principles are proportion, order, repetition and unity. ProportionProportion refers to the size of an object in relation to other objects in the landscape. It's important to think about proportion between plants and hardscapes.
Rows. The most basic garden plan consists of a design with straight, long rows running north to south orientation. A north to south direction will ensure that the garden gets the best sun exposure and air circulation. A garden that runs east to west tends to get too shaded from the crops growing in the preceding row.
Begin from the house and work outward. Remember to plan for the mature size of the trees and shrubs to avoid having to move them later, when they outgrow their space! Deciduous shrubs planted in front of evergreens will change the look seasonally.
Understanding the Language of Landscape Design
You are engaging in design activities whenever you put something together on your own, regardless of how simple the project may be. Because the things we are putting together are so routine for us, we don't always give our design skills the credit they deserve. This is because we are no longer aware of the design process when we are working on something. For instance, when you write a letter to someone else in order to send it to them, you are utilizing various design techniques. Vocabulary, spelling, and grammar are the fundamental "elements" you need to master in order to complete such a task. The fundamental components are used as a foundation for "principles," which are elements of somewhat greater complexity. The fundamentals of letter writing include being able to articulate your thoughts in an understandable manner and coming across as an intelligent and polite individual. The degree to which you are successful in applying these principles will determine, to a large extent, whether or not your letter accomplishes its overarching goal.
And the same can be said for landscape design. DIYers need to start by gaining an understanding of the fundamental design principles that form the foundation of the field of landscape design. These fundamental elements will then serve as building blocks for learning and implementing the more advanced principles for designing a garden in the backyard. This will be done in the context of designing a garden. These tried-and-true principles serve as the foundation for the picture-perfect gardens found all over the world.
The basic elements of landscape design are:
- Colour, as defined by colour theory.
The design of both the hardscape and softscape of your property, with the latter primarily consisting of gardens, lawns, shrubs, and trees, requires that these five components be taken into consideration. In this article, I discuss the relationship between form, line, and texture. In my article on the theory of colors, I discuss how color can be applied. Concerning scale, this refers to nothing more than the size of one component in relation to the sizes of any adjacent components.
You might be curious about the relevance of seemingly nonsensical concepts like "form" to the process of designing backyard landscapes. You could argue that you are not actually creating a landscape at all; rather, you are merely planting trees and bushes in the ground. However, the fact that the design of a backyard landscape shares some terminology with the world of art is not a coincidence. Your skills as a landscape designer will determine the final beauty of the picture you paint in your backyard, which serves as the canvas.
The form of a plant and the organization of its branching pattern are both included in the definition of the element of the form. There are many different shapes that trees can take (especially after being pruned), such as spherical and columnar shapes. In the same way, there is a wide variety of tree forms, ranging from those that have the rigidly upright branches of Lombardy poplar trees to those that have the drooping quality of a weeping willow. It is also necessary to take into account the shape of the various components that make up a plant. For instance, the shape of the leaves on one species of tree can be quite dissimilar to those on a completely different species of tree. The relative size of the plant's leaves, on the other hand, is one factor that helps determine plant texture.
When it comes to landscape design, texture is primarily a matter of the eye, so we frequently rely on the relative size of a plant's leaves to draw conclusions about the plant's perceived texture. This is because texture is primarily a visual matter. Yes, there is a strong degree of relativity in plant texture. Texture describes how the surface of an object is perceived in relation to the other objects in its environment. As a result of these differences in leaf size, the plant texture of one bedding plant, for instance, may be considered to be more or less coarse than that of an adjacent plant.
The line makes reference to the fact that the arrangement of plants and the borders around them have the ability to control the movement or flow of the viewer's eyes. The way in which plant groupings fit or flow together, both on the horizontal and the vertical planes, has an unconscious influence on the movement of the eye.
You say we should stop talking about the fundamental components? Now that we have that out of the way, let's talk about some of the design principles you can use in your backyard landscape. Because putting these ideas into practice in your own backyard can significantly increase the value of your property, and because of this, you should do it. To assist you in constructing the home of your dreams, MJS Construction Group offers the widest variety of dual occupancy builder services available.
Now that the fundamental components have been outlined, it is time to put them to work in the real world. When planning the design of a landscape, it is essential to work with the "principles" that are derived directly from the fundamental elements. The degree to which you are able to put these principles into practice successfully will determine the effect that your landscaping has on the viewer, whether that viewer is you or a potential purchaser.
Because this introduction to backyard landscape design is intended to serve as a practical guide, the objective is not to provide abstract definitions; rather, the focus will be on providing examples that a do-it-yourselfer can immediately incorporate into a backyard landscape design.
The overall "feel" of the landscape can be said to be influenced by the application of three principles of garden design: proportion, transition, and unity. The arrangement of plants in a landscape should be done so as to adhere to these principles. The term "proportion" refers to the sense in which the size of the individual components (the plants in the landscape) or groups of components in a landscape is consistent with the landscape as a whole. Proportion can also be thought of as "balance." In other words, the idea that underpins proportion is quite comparable to that which underpins scale, the fundamental element. The distinction lies in the fact that "scale" is an unprejudiced term, whereas "proportion" is founded on the idea that something is either "in proportion" or "out of proportion." The design of a garden that is out of proportion is one that is flawed either by sudden transitions or by the absence of transitions altogether. For instance, a stone wall that is five feet high could tastefully set off a large home but would make a small home appear even smaller than it already is. The latter property's landscaping suffers from a lack of transition because the wall's height is too close to that of the house. Simply put, transition refers to a process of gradual change.
A landscape or garden design that displays unity will often have characteristics that include conforming to a sense of proportion as one of those characteristics. When a viewer gets the impression that all of the landscape plants in a garden design complement each other and were selected with one overarching theme in mind, then the designer has succeeded in creating unity, also known as "harmony." One strategy for creating a sense of cohesion throughout a landscape is to position plants in such a way that careful consideration is given to the forms they take. For example, the shape of any small trees that are planted on either side of a driveway or entrance should be consistent. Repetition also serves to foster a sense of unity. However, similar to other positive qualities, unity can be taken to an unhealthy extreme. Include some variety, also known as "contrast," in a landscape design as well. One method is to use plants in the landscaping that have a range of different textures. Texture is one of those elements that, thanks to its understated nature, can be used to add variety to a garden design without compromising the overall cohesiveness of the space.
In addition to proportion, transition, and unity, the next triad of principles for residential landscape design that are interrelated are rhythm, balance, and focalization. These three principles are: They are all related to the concept of controlling the eye movement of a viewer. The general definition of rhythm describes it as the patterned repetition of a motif. The theme of the residential landscape design you create for your home might be something as simple as the plants that are used for landscaping. Plants of the same variety could be used in landscaping to create a row or a hedge, which would effectively direct the viewer's attention in one direction rather than another. The most important component of this design is a line, because nothing directs the gaze of the viewer's eyes more effectively than a line.
When utilizing such a motif, the goal is to unconsciously direct eye movement in a manner that is most conducive to appreciating the home landscape design that is in question. This can be accomplished in a number of ways. For instance, the topography of your land may present an opportunity for a breathtaking panorama, but the landscape design of your home may not make the most of this feature to its fullest potential. You might also want to draw attention to a piece of statuary that you have placed in the front yard of your home. However, if your front yard is full of other interesting items, it is possible that it is too "busy" for that item to receive the amount of focus that it deserves. A comprehension of balance and focalization is necessary in order to find solutions to these and other issues pertaining to rhythm.
The term "balance" refers to the consistency of an object's visual appeal, and it applies to each of the five fundamental elements in the same way: consistency with form, consistency with texture, etc. In turn, having a good understanding of balance is necessary for having a good understanding of focalization. The term "focalization" refers to the process of directing the attention of the viewer to a specific point. Even though it can be accomplished through a variety of methods, the most effective method for producing intense focalization is to arrange elements in a way that is both balanced and consistent.
So, let's circle back around to the two issues with residential landscaping design that were discussed earlier. The first issue is one of framing, which can be fixed by employing strong, straight lines in the design. For instance, a wall is used for this function in the photograph located on page 3. (a row of trees could also have been used). The second problem, that of drawing attention to one component in a busy front yard, could be solved by reducing clutter and opting instead for a minimalist style; and by using either color or line to draw attention to that component. It is possible that the statue could be surrounded by the color that would subconsciously draw the viewer's attention (focalization) to that particular region. It would be a good idea to do the landscaping with plants that have flowers that are either red or yellow in mass quantities. The correct application of line would also be appropriate. For example, the viewer's gaze can be directed in the desired direction by creating a straight path out of paving stones that leads up to the statue, or by arranging bedding plants to form a straight edging around the perimeter of the area.
After reading this, you should be able to see that the principles of home landscape design refer to nothing more ethereal than simply arranging the landscaping plants that have been selected in combinations that bespeak a well-reasoned plan. This is something that can be seen from the discussion that has come before. The preceding examples, despite the fact that they do not pretend to be an exhaustive discussion, should nonetheless serve to allay the fears of do-it-yourselfers who believe that home landscape design is the exclusive province of wizards with powers that cannot be comprehended. Home landscape design is not the domain of witchcraft, but rather of careful planning, creative problem-solving, and an approach that is "principled."
Basic Landscape Design Principles
Apply the "Law" of Significant Enclosure
The origin of the word "garden" can be traced back to the word "enclosure." In other words, even though your house is probably located in the middle of a city that is filled with concrete buildings, you should still be able to get a sense of being one with nature when you spend time in your garden. Your backyard has the potential to become a secluded haven from the rest of the world that also brings you closer to the vast natural environment. It is imperative that the law of significant enclosure be adhered to in order to generate this sensation. It states that the length of the vertical edge of space should be at least one-third the length of the total length of the horizontal space. If you were to apply this principle in your garden, you would be able to produce the impression of a true natural enclosure while at the same time maintaining a sense of openness.
Guide Yourself by the Regulating Line
According to the concepts of regulating lines, it is possible to draw a line in the air between any component of the architecture and any element of the landscaping. The application of this principle will assist in connecting and organizing the various parts of your garden. It produces a feeling of unity and cohesiveness, giving the impression that everything has its proper place there. In the process of planning your garden, for instance, you should try to project the lines of your building into the garden. The next step is to arrange the wooden walkways or the swimming pool so that they are in alignment with those lines. Once, the renowned architect and philosopher Le Corbusier penned the following: "An assurance against capriciousness, a regulating line is an assurance against... It gives the work a sense of rhythm that would not otherwise be there... The fundamental geometry of the work can be determined by the regulating line that is selected...." This touches on two slightly contradictory aspects of the situation. In the first place, this idea belongs to the most fundamental order. Even though a garden is a part of your home that is more wild and natural, it still needs to adhere to certain rules. Second, the application of regulating lines is a matter of opinion, and a landscape designer has a great deal of leeway to be creative. It does sound inconsistent, doesn't it? However, in order to differentiate yourself as a professional designer from an amateur one, you will need to discover the thin line that exists between the rules and the creative process. It is critical to make the best choice possible when constructing a duplex. At MJS Construction Group, we have a wide variety of the very best home design constructions for you to look through.
Remember the Golden Rectangle and Golden Ratio to Get the Proportions Precise
Math is applicable to everything that we do, including the design of outdoor spaces. Both the Golden Rectangle and the Golden Ratio are extremely prevalent throughout nature and architecture. They can be seen almost anywhere.
Golden Rectangle in Landscaping
You probably followed this regulation back when you were in high school. In that case, we are here to lend a hand. According to the principle known as the Golden Rectangle, the ratio of the short side to the long side of the rectangle is equivalent to the ratio of the long side to the sum of both sides (a/b = b/a+b). When you first read it, it might appear to be a bit confusing, but trust us when we say that developing your landscape plan will be much easier as a result of using this information. You can use the Golden Rectangle ratio, which is close to 1: 1.6 in numerical terms, when you are laying out things like terraces, patios, arbours, and lawns, among other things.
Golden Ratio in Landscaping
The golden ratio is something you should keep in mind, particularly when planting flowers in your garden. There is a good chance that you are familiar with the Fibonacci sequence, which is one application of the golden ratio. This is how it goes: 0...1...1...2...3...5...8... Creating an atmosphere that is both calming and visually appealing can be accomplished, for example, by planting flowers in groups of 3, 5, and 8. It is not a coincidence that flowers can be purchased in garden centres and retail outlets packaged in groups of three, five, eight, and so on.
When Designing Steps, Follow Thomas D. Church's Rule.
Stairs and decking can help give your garden a more varied feel and atmosphere. They can be styled in a variety of ways, including being elegant, symmetrical, curving, or minimalistic, among other ways. The stairs help to unfold various perspectives of the garden while also serving as a focal point, suggesting movement, and providing opportunities for movement. As a result, putting all of your garden landscaping ideas into action can be a difficult task, but there are some guidelines that can be of assistance to you.
The ratio developed by Thomas D. Church is the one you'll want to use if you plan to include steps in the design of your garden landscape. In the 20th century, he was known as a prominent and innovative landscape architect who worked primarily in California. He is most well-known for his role as an early innovator in the practice of modernist landscape design and for his role in the development of the "California Style." It is stated in his book Gardens Are for People that the total height of the stair should be equal to 26 inches, which is twice the height of the riser plus the tread (66.04 cm). The part of the stair that is vertical is called the riser, and the part that is horizontal and where people step is called the tread. If the riser is seven inches, for instance, the tread should be twelve inches long. One more helpful principle is that the number of steps can be determined by dividing the total height difference in the garden by 15 centimeters. This is the standard method.
Start Planting Big to Small
When you have finished laying out the plan for your landscaping project, it is time to start thinking about where you will put the plants. All of those components are necessary to transform your backyard into a real garden. The crowning achievement of any garden is its planting. To begin, you should plant some trees, then move on to some shrubs, then some perennials, and finally some ground cover. This principle is important in terms of composition, but it is also important in terms of its practical application. A better comprehension of the landscape as a whole can be attained by initially focusing on the larger forms that are present. And on the flip side, in order to plant a tree, you will typically need either heavy machinery or a large number of gardeners, all of whom will require a substantial amount of room in which to move around and work the soil. If there are already smaller plants planted, those that are already there will be harmed. At first, it might seem difficult to hold off on planting the newly purchased flower seeds in your garden. However, if you want to save time and money while also having a beautiful garden, practicing patience is the best course of action to take.
The actual principles of landscape design as well as all of the components that make these principles work together can make the process of designing your plan a difficult and overwhelming one. Rather than tackling a grand master plan for your entire landscape all by yourself, it may be in your best interest to call on the services of professional landscape designers and landscape architects.
You could hire some designers on a consulting basis so that they only provide you with recommendations rather than an actual diagrammed plan or drawings, allowing you to carry out the work yourself. On the other hand, some may provide a design plan for the garden, which details the recommended plant selections, the correct placement of plant materials and garden structures, and any other pertinent information. There are many landscape designers who are willing to do all of the work for their clients, including drawing up plans, selecting plants and other materials, and installing their design. Your dream home can become a reality when you work with MJS Construction Group, because we offer the finest selection of dual occupancy options.
There are a few different routes one can take in order to spruce up one's garden, and these are open to anyone who is interested. These options range from merely adding new plants and various other accessories to your garden to hiring a landscaping company to do the work for you. Before you begin making significant general changes to your garden, you might find it helpful to investigate some ideas for landscaping first.
By looking at these different landscaping ideas first, you will be able to get an idea of the features that you would like to include in your own garden. You will also be able to see how you can reasonably change your garden so that it reflects your personality, regardless of how big or small it may be. This will be made possible by the ideas presented here.